Evaluation of Turkish Validity and Reliability of Knowledge, Attitude, Practice and Perceived Barriers in Infection Control Questionnaire among Emergency Healthcare Professionals regarding COVID-19

Çalışkan Pala S., Metintaş S., Önsüz M. F., Özakın E.

Konuralp Tıp Dergisi , vol.13, no.1, pp.373-382, 2021 (ESCI)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 13 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.18521/ktd.911759
  • Journal Name: Konuralp Tıp Dergisi
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.373-382
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes


Objective: Determination of deficiencies in knowledge, attitude, practice (KAP) and perceived barriers in infection control among healthcare professionals (HCP) is important for fighting against epidemics. This study aims to conduct Turkish validity and reliability of the "KAP and Perceived Barriers in Infection Control" among HCP and to evaluate the status of this group. Method: This is a methodological, cross-sectional study conducted among emergency HCP during the 12-24th week of the pandemic. The questionnaire was applied online and consisted of sociodemographic characteristics, COVID-19 KAP and perceived barriers in infection control questionnaire. In first stage of the study, to evaluate the Turkish reliability-validity of the questionnaire, this study was conducted among 177 HCP. In the second stage, it was aimed to reach the whole group which was consisted of 307(72.8%) HCP. The Cronbach's alpha values of the sub-dimensions were calculated as 0.68-0.90 and factor loads as 0.38-0.88. Result: Knowledge level of those with associate and higher degree was found to be superior. Those who had university or higher education degree, paramedics indicated more positive attitude. It was observed that female compared to male, emergency medical technicians compared to other occupational groups had better practice level. Moreover, those who had an associate or higher degree; those who had 6-10 years working experience; those who did not experience COVID-19 symptoms had better practice level (p<0.05). Conclusion: The questionnaire is a valid-reliable measurement tool. In Turkey, it was observed that HCP had better knowledge and practice than average however deficiencies were found in all sub-dimensions.