Estimation of rock modulus: For intact rocks with an artificial neural network and for rock masses with a new empirical equation

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Sonmez H., Gokceoglu C., Nefeslioğlu H. A., Kayabasi A.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ROCK MECHANICS AND MINING SCIENCES, vol.43, pp.224-235, 2006 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


The elastic modulus of intact rock is used for many rock engineering projects, such as tunnels, slopes, and foundations, but due to the requirements of high-quality core samples and associated sophisticated test equipment, instead the use of empirical models to obtain this parameter has been an attractive research topic. In the rock mechanics literature, some empirical relations exist between the elastic modulus of intact rock and other rock properties, such as the uniaxial compressive strength (sigma(ci)), unit weight (gamma), Schmidt hammer rebound number, point load index and petrographic composition. However, the past use of specific rock types is the main limitation of the existing empirical equations. In other words, they are not open to the general purpose use. To eliminate this deficiency, a total of 529 datasets, including uniaxial compressive strength, unit weight and elastic modulus of intact rock (E-i), were collected via an extensive literature review. In addition to these datasets, a further total of 80 datasets was obtained from laboratory tests performed on greywacke and agglomerate core samples for this study. To prepare a chart for the prediction of the elastic modulus of intact rock, an artificial neural network was constructed using the large database. In addition, after a brief overview of existing empirical equations, a new empirical equation, which considers RMR and the elastic modulus of intact rock (E-i) as input parameters, is also proposed using worldwide data. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.