Evaluation of the growth, drought tolerance and biochemical compositions of introduced red currant cultivars and Russian breeding genotypes in temperate continental climate


Vitalievna Panfilova O., Okatan V., Tsoy M., Golyaeva O., Knyazev S., Kahramanoğlu İ.

FOLIA HORTICULTURAE, vol.33, no.2, pp.1-16, 2021 (SCI-Expanded)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 33 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Journal Name: FOLIA HORTICULTURAE
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-16
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

This study was conducted to test the growth, drought tolerance and biochemical characteristics of introduced cultivars (‘Jonkheer van Tets’, ‘Hollandische Rote’ and ‘Viksne’) and some selected Russian cultivars and genotypes (‘Shchedraya’, ‘Natali’, 129-21-61, 111-19-81, 261-65-19 and 271-58-24). The studies were conducted between 2014 and 2018 under temperate continental climate conditions. Climatic conditions was found to have significant influence on the disease severity of the red currant genotypes, while the Sphaerotheca mors-uvae infections increased in optimum seasons and Pseudopeziza ribis damages increased in drought seasons. None of the selected genotypes was found to be resistant to any of the diseases/pests but ‘Jonkheer van Tets’, ‘Hollandische Rote’ and 111-19-81 less affected from these diseases/pests. Berry weight, yield, raceme length and number of berries in raceme were found to be higher in optimum seasons and different cultivars/genotypes had superior characteristics for different parameters. Highest berry weight was observed from 261-65-19 genotype (0.65 g), while the highest yield was noted from ‘Hollandische Rote’ (15.6 t/ha). It was also found that the water content of leaves and transpiration has strong positive relationship with the soil moisture at 0-200 mm, but a week correlation with soil moisture at 200-400 mm. Results also showed that the transpiration of the leaves decreases in later development stages (July). Hierarchical clustering suggested four clusters, where the introduced cultivars produced one cluster, Russian cultivars took place in other cluster, 261-65-19, 111-19-81 and 129-21-61 genotypes located separately in third cluster and 271-58-24 genotype (superior in terms of phenolic contents) differed from others.