Controlling massive hemorrhage from the retropancreatic portal vein as a complication of thromboendovenectomy during liver transplantation with balloon catheter tamponade: how to do it


AYDIN C., ERSAN V., BAŞKIRAN A., ÜNAL B. , KAYAALP C., YILMAZ S.

SURGERY TODAY, vol.44, no.4, pp.792-794, 2014 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Editorial Material
  • Volume: 44 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00595-013-0647-9
  • Title of Journal : SURGERY TODAY
  • Page Numbers: pp.792-794

Abstract

We herein describe two cases of liver transplantation with portal vein thrombosis. In both cases, a tear advancing to the retropancreatic area occurred during portal vein thrombectomy. Hemorrhage from the limited visibility retropancreatic area made it impossible to stop the bleeding by clamping or direct suturing, and the clamping and suturing efforts actually increased the hemorrhage, possibly due to the damaged and thin portal vein wall. First, finger compression over the retropancreatic area was employed to stop the bleeding, then a Foley urinary catheter was introduced into the portal vein under the finger. The balloon of the catheter was inflated with 8 cc of normal saline, and the finger was released. The bleeding was stopped temporarily, and two different venous conduits were sutured to the trimmed portal vein stump in a bloodless surgical area. The venous conduits were easily controlled with vascular clamps after deflating the balloon catheters, and implantation of the liver was then done in a standard manner. Balloon tamponade can be a lifesaving technique that can temporarily stop a hemorrhage to allow for definitive repair in cases of retropancreatic portal vein hemorrhage.