Cohesion in Compositions of Turkish and Immigrant Students


KURAM VE UYGULAMADA EGITIM BILIMLERI, vol.11, no.2, pp.892-899, 2011 (SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 11 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.892-899
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: No


Cohesion refers to the relationships established between sentences and paragraphs via the units in the surface structure of the text. This study evaluated texts written by Uzbek origin immigrant students and Turkish students living in Hatay in terms of the use of cohesion devices (ellipsis, conjunctions, lexical cohesion, reference, substitution). Within the participants of the research, 98 immigrants (Uzbek) and 103 Turkish 5'th grade students living in Hatay were asked to write a story. These stories were analyzed by means of "Cohesion Level Evaluation Scale" and "Cohesion Problems Inventory". Students' frequencies of using cohesion devices and the problems encountered in the use of cohesion devices were determined in categorical content analyze. The reliability of codifications was examined with the method of inter-rater reliability. According to the results of the research, no significant difference was found between immigrant and Turkish students in terms of the use frequencies of cohesion devices other than ellipsis. The average use of cohesion devices within each student (paper) are as follows: Ellipsis (15,4), conjunctions (15,4), lexical cohesion (11,2), reference (8,3), substitution (0,2). The study presents examples of reference, ellipsis and conjunctions from the submitted texts to illustrate typical problems experienced by the Turkish and Uzbek groups in using cohesion devices.