Preparation of CoB catalysts supported on raw and Na-exchanged bentonite clays and their application in hydrogen generation from the hydrolysis of NaBH4


Kıpçak İ., Kalpazan E.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, vol.45, pp.26434-26444, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 45
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2020.03.230
  • Journal Name: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Artic & Antarctic Regions, Chimica, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Environment Index, INSPEC
  • Page Numbers: pp.26434-26444
  • Keywords: Bentonite, Catalyst, CoB, Hydrogen generation, Hydrolysis, Sodium borohydride, SODIUM-BOROHYDRIDE HYDROLYSIS, B CATALYST, PHOSPHORIC-ACID, TIO2, HYDRIDES, STORAGE, SURFACE, ROUTE, AL
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

The aim of this work is to prepare CoB catalysts supported on raw bentonite (CoB/bentonite) and Na-exchanged bentonite (CoB/Na-bentonite) by the impregnation and chemical reduction method. The prepared catalysts were characterized using X-ray diffractometry (XRD), X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (XRF), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) techniques. The activities of the catalysts were tested in the hydrolysis reaction of sodium borohydride (NaBH4) in a semi-batch system. The volume of the evolved hydrogen gas was determined by a water displacement method. The effects of catalyst amount, NaOH (a base stabilizer) concentration, NaBH4 concentration and solution temperature on the hydrogen generation rate were investigated. The maximum hydrogen generation rates were determined as 921.94 mL/min.g(cat) for CoB/bentonite and 1601.45 mL/min.g(cat) for CoB/Na-bentonite when the 5 wt % NaBH4 and 10 wt % NaOH solutions were used at 50 degrees C. The activation energies (E-a) of the hydrolysis reaction over CoB/bentonite and CoB/Na-bentonite were determined as 55.76 and 56.61 kJ/mol, respectively. (C) 2020 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.