Towards the twentieth century, the Armenians, who were deceived by the promise of independence, had been started rebellions in various parts of Anatolia. When local security measures by government against these revolts failed, it was understood that riots will spread to all of the country. Therefore, The Ottoman State had to take the decision of relocation. In addition to providing national security, it was aimed to ensure the security of the innocent Armenians and the Muslim people through this decision. In this study, some observations and evaluations have been made about the Armenian orphans during and after the relocation process by using archive documents and other resources. In addition, in our research, applied policies against Armenian rebels and emerging humanitarian problems and the measures taken to solve them in the First World War were evaluated. In the light of these arguments, it was discussed whether genocide aimed or not by these policies, decisions and measures.