Fabrication of novel palladium-platinum based graphene/ITO electrodes and third metal addition effect through the glucose electrooxidation

Caglar A., Avci Hansu T., Sahin O., DEMİR KIVRAK H.

JOURNAL OF ELECTROANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY, vol.918, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 918
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jelechem.2022.116505
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, Compendex, INSPEC
  • Keywords: Graphene, Chemical vapour deposition, Glucose electro-oxidation, ELECTROCATALYTIC OXIDATION, CATALYST, PERFORMANCE, ALLOY, OXIDE, GOLD
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes


Graphene was coated on Cu foil by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) method. The graphene on the Cu foil was modified by doping N. Then, N-doped graphene (G) was coated on several layers of indium tin oxide (ITO) electrodes. In addition, Pd, Pt, and M (Ag, V, Ni, Zn) metals were electroprecipitated on the graphene/indium tin oxide electrode by electrochemical technique. In this way, the glucose (C6H12O6) electrooxidation activities of these electrodes obtained from PdMPt-N doped graphane/indium tin oxide were investigated by cyclic voltammetry (CV), chronoamperometry (CA), and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) measurements. The obtained materials were characterized by SEM-EDX. Results revealed that the network of Pd, Pt, Ag, V, Ni, Zn and graphene was clearly visible from the SEM results. As a consequence, PdZnPt-N doped G/ITO showed the most effective C6H12O6 electrooxidation activity with a specific activity of 14.5 mA cm(-2), considerably above the literature's published values. In all electrochemical measurements, PdZnPt-N doped G/ITO exhibited the best electrocatalytic activity, stability, and resistance. PdZnPt-N doped G/ITO electrode is promising electrode for glucose electrooxidation.