p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) are members of the MAPK family that are activated by inflammatory cytokines and a variety of environmental stresses. It mediates various biological processes. p38 MAPK activity play important roles in tumour progression. Excessive p38 expression is observed in invasive breast cancers. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the p38 siRNA transfection of breast cancer cells is a putative preventive treatment for human breast cancer. p38 siRNA was used at a concentration of 15, 30, and 100 nM in human breast cancer cell lines (MCF-7) and normal fibroblast cell lines (NIH 3T3). After 48 and 72 h of transfection, the reduction in p38 expression was measured using quantitative real-time PCR. The activation of p38 signalling was measured by ELISA. XTT cell proliferation assay was performed to determine the effect of p38 silencing on MCF-7 and NIH 3T3 cell lines. The results demonstrated that approximately 96 % gene silencing occurred by the selected siRNA targeting p38 mRNA. The most effective silencing was observed at 72 h post-transfection using 30 nM p38 siRNA. The results of ELISA showed that the expression of p38 protein was inhibited by p38 siRNA at 30 nM siRNA and 100 nM at 72 h post transfection. XTT results showed that cells stimulated by 30 nM siRNA at 72 h post transfection were the lowest in proliferation. p38 siRNA can interfere with the expression of p38 at protein level in MCF-7 cells, result in inhibition of cell proliferation. p38 siRNA may be a critical regulator to promote the proliferation and protein expression in MCF-7 cells. In this study, we demonstrate that p38 silencing is a preventive maintenance for treating breast cancer.