EUROPEAN ARCHIVES OF OTO-RHINO-LARYNGOLOGY, vol.267, no.5, pp.725-730, 2010 (SCI-Expanded)
Intranasal corticosteroids (INCSs) seem to be the best medication available to control and eliminate symptoms of allergic rhinitis. However, the amounts of nasal steroids prescribed and used were not directly proportional to the number of allergic rhinitis cases in Turkey. Herein, we aimed to clarify the unexpectedly low prescription and use of INCSs in Turkey by checking the outlook of patients' and physicians' perspectives. The patients' perspective on oral and nasal steroids was evaluated with a custom-designed questionnaire drawn up specifically for this preliminary study. The physicians' perspective on prescribing nasal steroids was evaluated with the data obtained from the IMS Health Turkey reports. The findings we obtained in this survey by analyzing data from the self-administered questionnaires showed that among these young people, oral and nasal steroids were on the whole well-known drugs. Hence, even though steroids in general are well-known drugs, the young people we surveyed mainly remained uninformed about their safety. The incidence of using nasal steroids if prescribed is higher than the one with oral steroids; that may be due to the lack of knowledge about nasal steroids. The analysis of the IMS Health Turkey data for nasal steroid prescriptions between 2005 and 2008 shows that the market share has increased steadily. The role of INCSs in the treatment of allergic rhinitis is increasingly being recognized as an appropriate and effective treatment option. However, patients' and parents' concerns over the safety of INCS therapy have frequently resulted in their being positioned as a second-line treatment choice. Physicians need to be aware that patients may have a significant information gap. Instructing the family and caregivers about the correct use of INCS therapy is an important part of treatment.