Sedimentary Provenance From the Evolving Forearc-to-Foreland Central Sakarya Basin, Western Anatolia Reveals Multi-Phase Intercontinental Collision


Mueller M. A. , Licht A., Campbell C., OCAKOĞLU F., Akşit G. G. , Métais G., ...More

Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, vol.23, no.3, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 23 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1029/2021gc010232
  • Journal Name: Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), CAB Abstracts, Compendex, Environment Index, Geobase, INSPEC, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Anatolia, Neotethys, intercontinental collision, detrital zircon geochronology, U-PB GEOCHRONOLOGY, INDIA-ASIA COLLISION, MUDURNU-GOYNUK BASIN, SLAB BREAK-OFF, CONTINENTAL COLLISION, TECTONIC EVOLUTION, NW ANATOLIA, BLACK-SEA, AR-40-AR-39 GEOCHRONOLOGY, NORTHWESTERN ANATOLIA
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

© 2021 The Authors.Collision between the Pontides and Anatolide-Tauride Block along the İzmir-Ankara-Erzincan suture in Anatolia has been variously estimated from the Late Cretaceous to Eocene. It remains unclear whether this age range results from a protracted, multi-phase collision or differences between proxies of collision age and/or along strike diachroneity. Here, we leverage the Cretaceous-Eocene evolution of the forearc-to-foreland Central Sakarya Basin system in western Anatolia to determine when and how collision progressed. New detrital zircon (DZ) and sandstone petrography results indicate that the volcanic arc was the main source of sediment to the forearc basin in the Late Cretaceous. The first appearance of Pontide basement-aged DZs, in concert with exhumation of the accretionary prism and a decrease in regional convergence rates, indicates intercontinental collision initiated no later than 76 Ma. However, this first contractional phase does not produce advanced thick-skinned deformation and basin partitioning until ca. 54 Ma. We propose three non-exclusive and widely applicable mechanisms to reconcile the observed ∼20 Myr delay between initial intercontinental collision and thick-skinned upper plate deformation: slab breakoff, relict basin closure north and south of the İAES, and underthrusting of progressively thicker passive margin lithosphere. These mechanisms highlight the links between upper plate deformation and plate coupling during continental collision.