Photocatalytic activity of rare earth elements (Gd and ce) co-doped ZnO nanostructured films


Ceramics International, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ceramint.2024.05.374
  • Journal Name: Ceramics International
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Chemical Abstracts Core, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Environmental remediation, Gd-Ce co-doped ZnO films, Methylene blue, Photocatalytics
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes


Organic dyes, which are one of the main sources of surface and groundwater pollution, cause health problems as well as environmental hazards. For this reason, ZnO, which stands out among the promising semiconductor photocatalysts in wastewater treatment due to its advantages, was preferred. In particular, Gd–Ce co-doped ZnO nanostructured films, which have been studied for the first time in the literature, were produced by ultrasonic spray pyrolysis (USP) technique and photocatalytic degradation of Methylene blue (MB) dye was carried out. Ultraviolet–Visible Spectrophotometry (UV–Vis) and Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FESEM) were used to obtain the transmittance and morphology of thin films. According to the FESEM analysis results, morphological changes in the type of nanostructure were observed after the doping. While the photocatalytic degradation percentage of the ZnO film with Gd doping was 65.84 %, when both Gd and Ce were doped, the degradation percentage increased significantly, reaching 91.58 %. Photocatalytic studies revealed that Gd–Ce co-doped ZnO films exhibited better photocatalytic efficiency compared to only Gd doped ZnO films. Therefore, when all the results are evaluated, it is concluded that ZnO:Gd:Ce photocatalysts may have a significant potential application in environmental remediation.