INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL MACROMOLECULES, vol.221, pp.865-873, 2022 (SCI-Expanded)
Immobilized biomaterials have recently attracted researchers' attention in the field of environmental biotech-nology due to their effective biosorption performances. In this respect, a novel hybrid biocomposite based on Thamnidium elegans cells, olive pomace, and chitosan (TE-OP@C) was produced and tested for the first time to remove a target pollutant. It was successfully employed to eliminate toxic Cu(II) ions. Uptake efficiency of the biocomposite was significantly greater than that of T. elegans and T. elegans-olive pomace, despite the much lesser amount of biocomposite used. Freundlich model best fitted the equilibrium data, and the pseudo-second-order kinetic model followed Cu(II) uptake. The maximum removal efficiencies in batch and continuous systems were determined to be 96 % and 98 %, respectively. After eight cycles, the biosorption and recovery efficiencies of TE-OP@C were higher than 90 %. Biocomposite was able to remove approximately 90 % and 88 % of Cu(II) from real wastewater in batch and continuous systems, respectively. FTIR analysis, zeta potential measurements, EDX, and SEM findings confirmed the Cu(II) uptake. XRD and BET analysis were also performed for biocomposite characterization. Breakthrough and exhausted points were determined as 80 and 150 min, respectively. The findings potentially lead to a new perspective on the treatment of copper contamination.