Energy, exergy, thermoecologic, environmental, enviroeconomic and sustainability analyses and assessments of the aircraft engine fueled with biofuel and jet fuel


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AKDENİZ H. Y., Balli O., Caliskan H.

Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, 2023 (Scopus) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10973-023-11982-z
  • Journal Name: Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus
  • Keywords: Aircraft engines, Carbon emissions, Comparative assessment, Enviro-economic benchmarks, Kerosene and bio-based jet fuels, Thermodynamic analyses
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

© 2023, Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary.In this study, utilization of a bio-based fuel in a turbojet engine is comprehensively monitored with adapting various useful indicators for the scope of the study based on thermodynamic principles. In this regard, extensive energy and exergy, thermoecologic, environmental, enviroeconomic and sustainability analyses are performed for both the turbojet engines fueled by jet kerosene and fueled by a bio-based fuel. As per the main findings, the mass stream of combustion emissions is measured to be 4.547 kg s−1, when the engine is powered by biofuel. The specific fuel consumption and specific thrust are determined as 0.13 kg kN−1 s−1 and 147.81 kNs kg−1 for jet kerosene-powered case, while they are calculated as 0.15 kg kN−1 s−1 and 148.23 kNs kg−1 for biofuel-powered case. If biofuel is selected over jet-kerosene fuel, it is observed that the engine has better energy efficiency performance by 18.18%. The engine’s environmental effect factor value is found as 4.88 for jet-kerosene usage condition, while it is found to be 4.93 for biofuel utilization case. The overall emitted CO2 emissions is measured as 336,672 kg-CO2 year−1 for jet-kerosene usage condition, while it is estimated as 222,012 kg-CO2 year−1 for the biofuel utilization case. Also, as far as biofuel is chosen as alternative to jet-kerosene, the environmental damage cost stream, namely the enviroeconomic parameter of the engine, falls from 59,254.27 US$ year−1 to 39,074.11 US$ year−1. It is observed that sustainable efficiency factor and exergetic sustainability index outputs of the components of air compressor are the same for jet-kerosene and biofuel utilization cases, which are 8.31 and 7.31, respectively.