A passively immobilized novel biomagsorbent for the effective biosorptive treatment of dye contamination

Divriklioglu M., AKAR S., AKAR T.

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH, vol.26, no.25, pp.25834-25843, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 26 Issue: 25
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11356-019-05716-8
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.25834-25843
  • Keywords: Biosorption process, Dye pollution, Immobilization, Modification, Water treatment, WASTE-WATER, REMOVAL, ADSORPTION, BIOMASS, DECOLORIZATION, NANOPARTICLES, BIOSORBENT, BIOMATRIX, ADSORBENT, DESIGN
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes


A new magnetic bio-based composite was designed by the magnetic modification of passively immobilized fungal cells. It was utilized for biosorptive decolorization of reactive dye-contaminated aquatic media. As a greener option, waste tea leaf tissues were used for the first time as an immobilization matrix for microbial cells. Immobilized magnetic cells (biomagsorbent) could be effectively used in both batch and dynamic flow mode treatment processes and real environmental application. Rapid equilibrium and high decolorization yields were observed for the target dye (reactive violet 1). The temperature did not significantly affect the process. Langmuir and the pseudo-second-order models could be better used to fit the process equilibrium and kinetics, respectively. Maximum monolayer sorption capacity was 152.88 mg g(-1). High biosorption and desorption yields for 50 consecutive dynamic flow decolorization cycles were recorded as striking results. The breakthrough time was 3420 min. Simulated and industrial water treatment performance of biomagsorbent was found to be more than 90%. The mechanism was evaluated by IR and zeta potential analysis. The magnetic character of the sorbent provided good mechanical durability, easy separation, and excellent regeneration ability. Consequently, this work provides new insight into scalar enhancement of water treatment.