We present the optical, physical, and alpha/proton absorption properties of C-type P2O5-TeO2-ZnO ternary glass structures with a nominal composition of 20P(2)O(5).30TeO(2). (50-x)ZnO.xCdO (x = 15, 20, 30, 40 mol%). Using experimental methods, the physical and optical features of manufactured glasses are measured. The densities of the produced samples are increased due to ZnO/CdO translocation. Sixteen different bands are obtained as a result of deconvolution process. The C20 sample is reported with the largest optical band gap (3.530 eV) while the C15 sample is reported with the lowest (3.450 eV). According to our results, keeping the CdO concentration of ternary glasses around 40% is crucial for maintaining the glassy structure since glassy structure is distorted when %50 CdO (i.e., C50 sample) is incorporated into the glass structure. The shortest distances that alpha and protons may travel at the same energy levels are found in the C40 sample, which has the largest CdO contribution and the highest glass density. Due to the C40 sample's greatest resistance to the movement of heavy particles within the material, this is the case. Our results have shown that 40% CdO contribution improves absorption of alpha and protons within the absorber material. Due to their great transparency and promising material features, it can be concluded that ternary glasses containing CdO might serve as excellent glass shields.