Transition effects in flow over side weirs


Muslu Y., Yuskel E., Tozluk H.

JOURNAL OF IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE ENGINEERING, vol.130, no.1, pp.92-95, 2004 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

Abstract

The effect of water surface slope in the lateral direction on flow over side weirs was studied. Water surface elevation on the weir plane was expressed by a parameter psi based upon the hydraulic profile on the channel axis. Two different relationships of Psi as a function of the Froude number were used to calculate side weir discharges. Results were compared with the experimental data. It was shown that better results are obtained when transition conditions of psi=1 at the ends of the side weirs with no lateral surface slope are taken into account. However the effect of water surface slope in lateral direction is of secondary importance as compared to the angle of the deflected water jet along the side weir.