On the Role of High Amounts of Mn Element in CdS Structure


Gonullu M. P. , KÖSE S.

METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A-PHYSICAL METALLURGY AND MATERIALS SCIENCE, no.3, pp.1321-1329, 2017 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11661-016-3934-4
  • Title of Journal : METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A-PHYSICAL METALLURGY AND MATERIALS SCIENCE
  • Page Numbers: pp.1321-1329

Abstract

CdS and MnS are technologically important semiconducting materials. In this work, due to the limited ability of these materials separately, a detailed characterization of the new samples formed by the combined use of them has been reported. CdS films, with the incorporation of Mn in a wide range of concentrations, have been produced by a low-cost Ultrasonic Spray Pyrolysis set-up. Spectroscopic Ellipsometry (SE) has been used to determine the thicknesses and optical constants (n, k) of the samples. It has been determined that samples with high amounts of Mn have lower refractive index values. Absorbance spectra have shown additional band edges along with the one belonging to CdS, for samples with Mn concentrations higher than 50 pct. This has been attributed to a phase separation above this limit. Raman spectroscopy analysis which shows additional Raman peaks belonging to MnS phase also supports these findings. Depending on this phase separation, crystalline structure has been deteriorated. Surface properties of the samples have been investigated by SEM and AFM. Elemental analysis has been performed by EDS. Resistivity measurements performed by a four-probe set-up have shown that samples containing high amount of Mn have lower electrical resistivity values. (C) The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society and ASM International 2017