Using de-watering sieve waste of borax to enhance the properties of floor tile

Kurama S., Kara A., Kurama H.

Sohn International Symposium on Advanced Processing of Metals and Materials, California, United States Of America, 27 - 31 August 2006, pp.433-440 identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume:
  • City: California
  • Country: United States Of America
  • Page Numbers: pp.433-440
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes


Incorporation of de-watering sieve waste of borax (TSW) from Etibor Kirka Borax Company (Turkey) on the mechanical and physical properties of a commercial floor tile composition was investigated. In order to achieve this aim, TSW was partially employed in place of feldspar in the standard composition up to 20 wt %. The formulated compositions were wet milled, dried, shaped and then fired at 1190 degrees C for a total firing time of 38 minutes (from cold to cold) under industrial conditions. It was found that using of TSW up to 15 wt % improved the physical and mechanical properties of final product. The results indicated a good prospect for TSW as a co-flux in floor tile formulations.