PEDIATRIC SCIENCES: ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY IN CHILDHOOD, pp.6-15, 2019 (SCI-Expanded)
Although the general rules used in electroencephalography (EEG) recording in adults are valid in children, there are some differences specific to this period. Digital EEGs have often begun to replace analog EEGs, and have provided several advantages, such as data storage and the possibility to reinterpret the data by changing the settings. In the neonates, infants and children have different anatomic and neurophysiological features, there may also be difficulties in compliance to EEG recording. The number of electrodes, montages, settings, recording parameters and recording technique may vary depending on this period. There may be difficulty in provocation tests such as hyperventilaton in children. Children tend to move more than adults during EEG recording. The EEG technician should note the events, who observed during the EEG recording in a timely and complete manner. In order to interpret the EEG in children correctly, it is important to know the clinical characteristics of the child in addition to the technical information about the EEG.