Biosorption of Basic Blue 7 by fungal cells immobilized on the green-type biomatrix of Phragmites australis spongy tissue


AKAR T. , Uzun C., Celik S. , AKAR S.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHYTOREMEDIATION, cilt.20, sa.2, ss.145-152, 2018 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 20 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2018
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1080/15226514.2017.1337075
  • Dergi Adı: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHYTOREMEDIATION
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.145-152

Özet

Biosorption is an effective alternative method for the control of water pollution caused by different pollutants such as synthetic dyes and metals. A new and efficient biomass system was developed from the passively immobilized fungal cells. The spongy tissue of Phragmites australis was considered as the carrier for the immobilization of Neurospora sitophila cells employed for the biosorption of Basic Blue 7. This plant tissue was used for the first time as a carrier for fungal cells. The biosorption was examined through batch- and continuous-mode operations. The biosorption process conformed well to the Langmuir model. Maximum monolayer biosorption capacity of the biosorbent was recorded as 154.756 mg g(-1). Kinetic findings showed a very good compliance with the pseudo-second-order model. The negative values of Delta G degrees indicated a spontaneous nature of the biosorption process and a positive value of Delta H degrees (14.69 kJ mol(-1)) concluded favorable decolorization at high temperature. The scanning electron microscopy analysis showed that a porous, rippled, and rough surface of biomass system was covered with BB7 molecular cloud. IR results revealed that functional groups like -OH, -NH, and CO participated to the decolorization. Breakthrough and exhausted points were found as 360 and 570 minutes, respectively. The biomass system was successfully applied to the treatment of real wastewater.