© 2019 Ankara Haci Bayram Veli University. All rights reserved.Serving in the Yahnikapan neighborhood of Odunpazarı district of Eskişehir, Shah Pabucu Hearth treats its consultee with the hearth book miraculously given to Mansur Baba. The family claimed to be descended of Mansur Baba and provide this service with his permission. Most of the people living in the region frequently visit the family for treatment. The source of the hearth has links with Horasan. It is stated that Mansur Baba is one of those dervishes who came to Anatolia before Hacı Bektash Veli and that his family traces back to Imam Cafer. It is believed that the hearth book came from the window at the attic of the old house of Mansur Baba and provided a spiritual power. İnanç family administers a three-sessions-treatment: application of the hearth pillow, scraping its stone and making them drink it with water, and giving a diet list. In this article, the role of Shah Pabucu Hearth family in the treatment of diseases was discussed by focusing on the concept of hearth and ancestor cult in the context of Alevi hearths and treatment/healing hearths existing in the Anatolia. Findings and comments were based upon the obtained data by using the following methods: “attending”, “observations” and “interviews”. It was observed that the hearth is very active as a healing hearth, and is providing an important service especially for the people who believe in the hearth and follow the recommendations given about eating and drinking. Considering that many hearths have been closed due to the relocation of hearth families living in the villages to the city centers or the absence of family members for the continuation of the hearth, the Shah Papucu Hearth also plays an important role in maintaining the hearth tradition.