Effects of music assisted progressive relaxation exercises on postoperative sleep quality and pain intensity: A quasi-experimental controlled study


Duru P., Örsal Ö., Şara Y., Köşgeroğlu N.

JOURNAL OF TURKISH SLEEP MEDICINE-TURK UYKU TIBBI DERGISI, vol.9, no.3, pp.244-253, 2022 (ESCI) identifier identifier

Abstract

Objective: Generally, deterioration of sleep quality has a negative impact on pain, while pain due to illness may also adversely impair sleep quality. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of music-assisted progressive relaxation exercises (MaPRE) on postoperative sleep quality and pain intensity of patients hospitalized in the surgical clinics of a university hospital. Materials and Methods: This was a nonrandomized, single-blind, quasi-experimental controlled study with pre- and post-test. A total of 62 patients took part in the study, including 31 surgical patients in the intervention group, and 31 surgical patients in the control group. The intervention group regularly performed MaPRE for 30 min per day during the week after surgery. Data were collected by "visual analogue scale" for evaluation pain intensity, and "visual analog sleep scale" for determination sleep quality. Results: Performing MaPRE provided a significant increase in the sleep quality of patients and a significant decrease in the level of pain intensity of patients in the intervention group. There was no significant difference found between sleep quality of patients who performed MaPRE and those who did not. There was a significant difference between the level of pain intensity of patients who performed MaPRE and those who did not. However, patients who underwent MaPRE had higher levels of pain intensity than those who did not. Conclusion: MaPRE increased postoperative sleep quality of patients and reduced the severity of postoperative pain in patients. In conclusion, MaPRE increases the sleep quality of patients in surgical clinics and helps reduce the patients' level of pain intensity.