Design, Synthesis, and Evaluation of a New Series of Thiazole-Based Anticancer Agents as Potent Akt Inhibitors

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MOLECULES, vol.23, no.6, 2018 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 23 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/molecules23061318
  • Journal Name: MOLECULES
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: No


In an attempt to develop potent anticancer agents targeting Akt, new thiazole derivatives (1-10) were synthesized and investigated for their cytotoxic effects on A549 human lung adenocarcinoma, C6 rat glioma, and NIH/3T3 (healthy) mouse embryonic fibroblast cell lines. The most potent compounds were also investigated for their effects on apoptosis and Akt pathway. The most promising anticancer agent was found to be 2-[2-((4-(4-cyanophenoxy) phenyl) methylene) hydrazinyl]-4-(4-cyanophenyl) thiazole (6), due to its selective inhibitory effects on A549 and C6 cells with IC50 values of 12.0 +/- 1.73 mu g/mL and 3.83 +/- 0.76 mu g/mL, respectively. Furthermore, compound 6 increased early and late apoptotic cell population (32.8%) in C6 cell line more than cisplatin (28.8%) and significantly inhibited the Akt enzyme. The molecular docking study was performed to predict the possible binding modes of compounds A, 6, and 8 inside the active site of Akt (PDB code: 4EJN). Molecular docking simulations were found to be in accordance with in vitro studies and, hence, supported the biological activity. A computational study for the prediction of absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion (ADME) properties of all compounds was also performed. On the basis of Lipinski's rule of five, the compounds were expected to be potential orally bioavailable agents.