Biosorption applications of modified fungal biomass for decolorization of Reactive Red 2 contaminated solutions: Batch and dynamic flow mode studies


AKAR T. , Divriklioglu M.

BIORESOURCE TECHNOLOGY, vol.101, no.19, pp.7271-7277, 2010 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 101 Issue: 19
  • Publication Date: 2010
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.biortech.2010.04.044
  • Title of Journal : BIORESOURCE TECHNOLOGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.7271-7277

Abstract

Biosorption characteristics of a surfactant modified macro fungus were investigated for decolorization of Reactive Red 2 contaminated solutions. Better biosorption efficiency was obtained with a small amount of fungal biomass after modification process. Operating variables like pH, biomass amount, contact time, temperature, dye concentration, flow rate and column size were explored. The biosorption process followed the pseudo-second-order kinetic and Langmuir isotherm models. Thermodynamic data confirm that the biosorption process is spontaneous and endothermic in nature. Under optimized batch conditions, up to 141.53 mg dye g(-1) could be removed from solution in a relatively short time. Modification process was confirmed by Fritz spectroscopy and zeta potential studies. Possible dye-biosorbent interactions were discussed. Good dynamic flow biosorption potential was observed for the suggested biosorbent in simulated wastewater. Overall, batch and continuous mode data suggest that this environmentally friendly and efficient biosorbent may be useful for the removal of reactive dyes from aqueous media. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.