Soil liquefaction potential in Eskisehir, NW Turkey


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Tosun H., Seyrek E., Orhan A., Savas H., TÜRKÖZ M.

NATURAL HAZARDS AND EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCES, vol.11, no.4, pp.1071-1082, 2011 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 11 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.5194/nhess-11-1071-2011
  • Title of Journal : NATURAL HAZARDS AND EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCES
  • Page Numbers: pp.1071-1082

Abstract

Liquefaction is one of the critical problems in geotechnical engineering. High ground water levels and alluvial soils have a high potential risk for damage due to liquefaction, especially in seismically active regions. Eskisehir urban area, studied in this article, is situated within the second degree earthquake region on the seismic hazard zonation map of Turkey and is surrounded by Eskisehir, North Anatolian, Kutahya and Simav Fault Zones. Geotechnical investigations are carried out in two stages: field and laboratory. In the first stage, 232 boreholes in different locations were drilled and Standard Penetration Test (SPT) was performed. Test pits at 106 different locations were also excavated to support geotechnical data obtained from field tests. In the second stage, experimental studies were performed to determine the Atterberg limits and physical properties of soils. Liquefaction potential was investigated by a simplified method based on SPT. A scenario earthquake of magnitude M = 6.4, produced by Eskisehir Fault Zone, was used in the calculations. Analyses were carried out for PGA levels at 0.19, 0.30 and 0.47 g. The results of the analyses indicate that presence of high ground water level and alluvial soil increase the liquefaction potential with the seismic features of the region. Following the analyses, liquefaction potential maps were produced for different depth intervals and can be used effectively for development plans and risk management practices in Eskisehir.