Investigation of long-term COVID-19 patients' quality of life and affecting factors: Data from single COVID-19 follow-up center

Ucan A., Guven S., MUTLU F., Bakilan F., Bildirici Y.

Nigerian journal of clinical practice, vol.26, no.3, pp.287-293, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 26 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_119_22
  • Journal Name: Nigerian journal of clinical practice
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.287-293
  • Keywords: COVID-19 follow-up center, quality of life, SF-36
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes


Background: Patients with COVID-19 experienced changes in their quality of life. However, far less is known about how quality of life changes in long-term COVID-19 follow-ups. Aim: This article aims to explore the relationship between quality of life change and long-term COVID-19 patient status in the COVID-19 follow-up center. Patients and Methods: This study was designed retrospectively with patients admitted to the COVID-19 follow-up center between January and May 2021. The single group consisted of 125 patients. Their status and 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) variables were compared at two different time intervals. The first admission indicates the first 3 months, and the second admission covers 3-6 months after being diagnosed with COVID-19. Results: Cough and chest pain increased in the second admission (P < 0.001). No significant differences were found in SF-36 change according to age. The general health subgroup scores were lower in females than males (P = 0.004). The SF-36 Form's subgroups for physical function, physical role, emotional role, bodily pain, energy, mental health, general health, and social function showed improvement (P = 0.001, P = 0.001, P = 0.026 P < 0.001, P = 0.007, P = 0.031, P <0.001, P <0.001, respectively). In addition, comparing with the SF-36 subgroups in terms of treatment places, a significant result was found between the inpatient and intensive care unit (ICU) in the general health subgroup (P = 0.044). Conclusions: The results show that quality of life may worsen during follow-up for COVID-19. In summary, these findings have significant implications for understanding long-term COVID-19 patients with a multidisciplinary approach and the necessity of follow-up centers to detect the unpredictable results of long-term COVID-19.