Establishment and range expansion of non-native fish species facilitated by hot springs: The case study from the Upper Sakarya Basin (NW, Turkey)

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AKSU S., Başkurt S., EMİROĞLU Ö., Tarkan A. S.

Oceanological and Hydrobiological Studies, vol.50, no.3, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 50 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.2478/oandhs-2021-0021
  • Journal Name: Oceanological and Hydrobiological Studies
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Geobase, Pollution Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database
  • Keywords: water temperature, aquarium species, Kernel Density Estimation, DISTLM, climate change, aquatic ecosystem, FRESH-WATER FISHES, CLIMATE-CHANGE, POTENTIAL IMPACTS, ANATOLIA, DETERMINANTS, BIODIVERSITY, TEMPERATURE, RIVER
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes


© 2021 Sadi Aksu et al., published by Sciendo 2021.Non-native species can enter new habitats and ecosystems in a variety of ways. Suitable ecological conditions must exist for non-native species to reproduce in newly colonized habitats. Hot springs are suitable habitats for tropical, aquarium, and ornamental fish species. This paper presents the results of research on the distribution of non-native and native species in relation to environmental factors in the Upper Sakarya Basin, where several such springs are present. The fish fauna in the basin includes native (60% - 21 species, 14 of which are endemic) and non-native (40% - 14 species) fish species. Most of the non-native species (seven species) were found only in warm springs (minimum water temperature 16°C). In addition, 75 fish species belonging to 26 families were found throughout the Sakarya Basin. Hot springs were found to play an important role in the establishment of non-native species. The Kernel Density Estimation (KDE) results revealed that the non-native species density was high in the Upper Sakarya Basin where hot springs are common. This confirms that minimum and maximum temperatures are the main drivers of changes in the distribution of non-native fish species. Two aquarium fishes, Bujurguina vittata and Xiphophorus spp., are reported for the first time in the present study for inland waters of Turkey.