The Cultural Contunity of Cosmogony in Healing Lore


KOÇ A.

MILLI FOLKLOR, sa.109, ss.173-186, 2016 (AHCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: Konu: 109
  • Basım Tarihi: 2016
  • Dergi Adı: MILLI FOLKLOR
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.173-186

Özet

Trees affected the imaginations and traditional worldviews of societies, generally because of their longevity and great size. The imagination of cosmic tree is located in major motifs and episodes of oral narratives such as myths of descent and creation, epic, legend, fairy tale, story, tale of saint. The Umay that is brought down from the sky (heaven) accompanies to descent from the tree (beech) in Turkish culture. At the same time, Umay is imagined as mother's and baby's guardian. Mythological knowledge is transferred to folk medicine through ritual treatment and used as an applicable skill. It can be said that tree has features such as "healing" in the folk medicine, "rebirth, Central symbolism, tree saint, mother/ancestor tree, lineage, protecting its place" in the context of traditional worldview, "magick and fetish" in the magical process. In this context, it is understood that triology of tomb, tree and sacred water generates the Central symbolism in the samples of Eskisehir and Kutahya. The owners of the centers also serve to manage the sacred places. The concept of fireplace that also symbolizes family was transformed into centers of folk medicine and religion from Shamanism within the Anatolia. The cosmogony, maintains its cultural continuity by healing practice such as "passing through cleft of tree" in healing lore of defect (Yarim) within the villages of Kumbet (Eskisehir), Camlica and Karaagac (Kutahya) through the ecology of Turkish culture. The oaks and pines (cosmic tree) of the tombs are used for healing. The Lodge of Cubuk (Kumbet), Tomb of Sayyid Ali Sultan, Small and Great dervish lodges (Karaagac) generate the phenomenon of the visit. In this study, the healers that apply the traditional healing methods in villages of Kumbet (Eskisehir), Camlica and Karaagac (Kutahya) have been selected as samples. The datas were obtained by both methods of document research and interview through the fieldwork. The applications was examined in the context of folklore and interdisciplinary by these datas and the study has been supported by visual datas.