ACS OMEGA, vol.7, no.48, pp.44147-44155, 2022 (SCI-Expanded)
Perovskite oxides have been considered promising oxygen evolution reaction (OER) electrocatalysts due to their high intrinsic activity. Yet, their poor long-term electrochemical and structural stability is still controversial. In this work, we apply an A -site management strategy to tune the activity and stability of a new hexagonal double perovskite oxide. We synthesized the previously inaccessible 2H-Ba2CoMnO6-delta (BCM) perovskite oxide via the universal sol-gel method followed by a novel air-quench method. The new 2H-BCM perovskite oxide exhibits outstanding OER activity with an overpotential of 288 mV at 10 mA cm-2 and excellent long-term stability without segregation or structural change. To understand the origin of outstanding OER performance of BCM, we substitute divalent Ba with trivalent La at the A-site and investigate crystal and electronic structure change. Fermi level and valence band analysis presents a decline in the work function with the Ba amount, suggesting a structure-oxygen vacancy-work function-activity relationship for BaxLa2-xCoMnO6-delta (x = 0, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2) electrocatalysts. Our work suggests a novel production strategy to explore the single-phase new structures and develop enhanced OER catalysts.